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Class Gtk.Container

Import line: Gtk =;
GIR File: Gtk-3.0.gir
C documentation: GtkContainer
Class : Container
Implements: Atk.ImplementorIface, Gtk.Buildable
Subclasses: EvinceView.View, GWeather.TimezoneMenu, Gkbd.Indicator, GnomeBluetooth.Chooser, GnomeBluetooth.ChooserButton, GnomeBluetooth.ChooserCombo, GnomeBluetooth.FilterWidget, Gtk.AboutDialog, Gtk.Alignment, Gtk.AppChooserButton, Gtk.AppChooserDialog, Gtk.AppChooserWidget, Gtk.AspectFrame, Gtk.Assistant, Gtk.Bin, Gtk.Box, Gtk.Button, Gtk.ButtonBox, Gtk.CheckButton, Gtk.CheckMenuItem, Gtk.ColorButton, Gtk.ColorSelection, Gtk.ColorSelectionDialog, Gtk.ComboBox, Gtk.ComboBoxText, Gtk.Dialog, Gtk.Frame, Gtk.MenuItem, Gtk.Notebook, Gtk.ToggleButton, Gtk.VBox, Gtk.Window
Extends: Gtk.Widget
A GTK+ user interface is constructed by nesting widgets inside widgets.
Container widgets are the inner nodes in the resulting tree of widgets:
they contain other widgets. So, for example, you might have a GtkWindow
containing a GtkFrame containing a GtkLabel. If you wanted an image instead
of a textual label inside the frame, you might replace the GtkLabel widget
with a GtkImage widget.
There are two major kinds of container widgets in GTK+. Both are subclasses
of the abstract GtkContainer base class.
The first type of container widget has a single child widget and derives
from GtkBin. These containers are decorators, which
add some kind of functionality to the child. For example, a GtkButton makes
its child into a clickable button; a GtkFrame draws a frame around its child
and a GtkWindow places its child widget inside a top-level window.
The second type of container can have more than one child; its purpose is to
manage layout. This means that these containers assign
sizes and positions to their children. For example, a GtkHBox arranges its
children in a horizontal row, and a GtkTable arranges the widgets it contains
in a two-dimensional grid.

Height for width geometry management

GTK+ uses a height-for-width (and width-for-height) geometry management system.
Height-for-width means that a widget can change how much vertical space it needs,
depending on the amount of horizontal space that it is given (and similar for
There are some things to keep in mind when implementing container widgets
that make use of GTK+'s height for width geometry management system. First,
it's important to note that a container must prioritize one of its
dimensions, that is to say that a widget or container can only have a
GTK_SIZE_REQUEST_WIDTH_FOR_HEIGHT. However, every widget and container
must be able to respond to the APIs for both dimensions, i.e. even if a
widget has a request mode that is height-for-width, it is possible that
its parent will request its sizes using the width-for-height APIs.
To ensure that everything works properly, here are some guidelines to follow
when implementing height-for-width (or width-for-height) containers.
Each request mode involves 2 virtual methods. Height-for-width apis run
through gtk_widget_get_preferred_width() and then through gtk_widget_get_preferred_height_for_width().
When handling requests in the opposite GtkSizeRequestMode it is important that
every widget request at least enough space to display all of its content at all times.
When gtk_widget_get_preferred_height() is called on a container that is height-for-width,
the container must return the height for its minimum width. This is easily achieved by
simply calling the reverse apis implemented for itself as follows:
static void
foo_container_get_preferred_height (GtkWidget *widget, gint *min_height, gint *nat_height)
if (i_am_in_height_for_width_mode)
gint min_width;
GTK_WIDGET_GET_CLASS (widget)->get_preferred_width (widget, &min_width, NULL);
GTK_WIDGET_GET_CLASS (widget)->get_preferred_height_for_width (widget, min_width,
min_height, nat_height);
... many containers support both request modes, execute the real width-for-height
request here by returning the collective heights of all widgets that are
stacked vertically (or whatever is appropriate for this container) ...

Similarly, when gtk_widget_get_preferred_width_for_height() is called for a container or widget
that is height-for-width, it then only needs to return the base minimum width like so:
static void
foo_container_get_preferred_width_for_height (GtkWidget *widget, gint for_height,
gint *min_width, gint *nat_width)
if (i_am_in_height_for_width_mode)
GTK_WIDGET_GET_CLASS (widget)->get_preferred_width (widget, min_width, nat_width);
... execute the real width-for-height request here based on the required width
of the children collectively if the container were to be allocated the said height ...

Height for width requests are generally implemented in terms of a virtual allocation
of widgets in the input orientation. Assuming an height-for-width request mode, a container
would implement the get_preferred_height_for_width() virtual function by first calling
gtk_widget_get_preferred_width() for each of its children.
For each potential group of children that are lined up horizontally, the values returned by
gtk_widget_get_preferred_width() should be collected in an array of GtkRequestedSize structures.
Any child spacing should be removed from the input for_width and then the collective size should be
allocated using the gtk_distribute_natural_allocation() convenience function.
The container will then move on to request the preferred height for each child by using
gtk_widget_get_preferred_height_for_width() and using the sizes stored in the GtkRequestedSize array.
To allocate a height-for-width container, it's again important
to consider that a container must prioritize one dimension over the other. So if
a container is a height-for-width container it must first allocate all widgets horizontally
using a GtkRequestedSize array and gtk_distribute_natural_allocation() and then add any
extra space (if and where appropriate) for the widget to expand.
After adding all the expand space, the container assumes it was allocated sufficient
height to fit all of its content. At this time, the container must use the total horizontal sizes
of each widget to request the height-for-width of each of its children and store the requests in a
GtkRequestedSize array for any widgets that stack vertically (for tabular containers this can
be generalized into the heights and widths of rows and columns).
The vertical space must then again be distributed using gtk_distribute_natural_allocation()
while this time considering the allocated height of the widget minus any vertical spacing
that the container adds. Then vertical expand space should be added where appropriate and available
and the container should go on to actually allocating the child widgets.
See GtkWidget's geometry management section
to learn more about implementing height-for-width geometry management for widgets.

Child properties

GtkContainer introduces child properties.
These are object properties that are not specific
to either the container or the contained widget, but rather to their relation.
Typical examples of child properties are the position or pack-type of a widget
which is contained in a GtkBox.
Use gtk_container_class_install_child_property() to install child properties
for a container class and gtk_container_class_find_child_property() or
gtk_container_class_list_child_properties() to get information about existing
child properties.
To set the value of a child property, use gtk_container_child_set_property(),
gtk_container_child_set() or gtk_container_child_set_valist().
To obtain the value of a child property, use
gtk_container_child_get_property(), gtk_container_child_get() or
gtk_container_child_get_valist(). To emit notification about child property
changes, use gtk_widget_child_notify().

GtkContainer as GtkBuildable

The GtkContainer implementation of the GtkBuildable interface
supports a <packing> element for children, which can
contain multiple <property> elements that specify
child properties for the child.

Child properties in UI definitions



Since 2.16, child properties can also be marked as translatable using
the same "translatable", "comments" and "context" attributes that are used
for regular properties.

Properties Defined By
Methods / Constructors
Method / Constructor Defined By
Events - usage syntax: this.signals.EVENTNAME.connect( Function )
Event Defined By
Used by These Methods / Signals / Properties
Class / Namespace Method / Signal / Properties
parent : Gtk.Container
Documentation generated by Introspection Doc Generator Loosely Based on JsDoc Toolkit on Sat Apr 16 2011 17:12:29 GMT+0800 (HKT)